What is a bill?
A bill is not a law yet until it is signed into law by the executive. A bill is the proposal of action discussed in the parliament and later signed to become a law by the president. A bill is also set to be a proposed cause of action or a proposal.
Type of bills
- Public bill: This has to do with the issue confronting the country. It is usually proposed by the executive arm of government.
- Private members bill: This is a bill introduced by a parliamentarian or lawmaker.
- Money bill: This bill informs on how government involves itself in raising and spending money. This bill is introduced by the executive arm of government.
How a bill becomes a law in the parliament
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Procedure on how a bill becomes a law
- FIRST READING:- This is the first stage of the bill. The bill is introduced, presented, and read out by the house clerk. At this point, the bill is printed into copies and shared with the members to study.
- Second reading:- After the bill has been presented, the member or minister that introduces the bill then moves that the bill should be reread again the second time. At this stage, the principle of the bill is debated and the vote is taken if the bill should be sent to the committee. If the majority supports this, the bill will move to the next stage.
- STAGE THREE:- This is the stage where the committee discusses more, checks for details of to make amendment then report it back to the house.
- REPORT STAGE:- This is the committee reporting back to the house, stating the suggestion of the committee to improve the bill. And to further see if any member may move for amendment.
- THIRD READING:- This is the verbal amendment, at this stage the bill is passed or rejected. A thorough examination is done in a view in other to improve it before it becomes a law.
- THE UPPER HOUSE:- if the bill is passed it is sent to the upper house where it passes through a similar stage which it has gone through at the lower house. Any further amendment suggested by the upper house will require both houses to gently set up a committee to iron things out.
- ASSENT:- The bill is then presented for presidential approval, after which the bill becomes a law.
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