definition of comprehension and tips for writing comprehension
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what is comprehension?

Comprehension is the ability to understand written text, spoken word, and visual images. Comprehension is also the ability to read a passage, understand the passages and answer questions in the passage.
It can also be defined as the ability of somebody or the power to understand something that was said in a language or a passage. Comprehension is a crucial element of reading, it entails a gradual process and it’s one of the skills of an excellent reader.
Majorly, when you see someone who reads well, he/she must have the skills.


Skills of an excellent reader

  1. A good reading culture and pace.
  2. The person will overcome bad reading habits including:
    * Reading out loud
    Losing concentration
    *  Cramming
    *  Head movement
    *  Pointing at words
    *  Vocalization
    *  Regression
    *  Wrong eyes movement
  3. Adequate concentration: when reading a passage or sentence you should concentrate and focus on getting the points and the heart of the passage.
  4. Adequate vocabulary development: the more you read, the more your vocabulary skills develop
  5. The person will have attitudinal questioning and evaluation.
  6. Broadening one’s horizons.

What are Bad reading habits?

  • Reading out loud: it is prohibited to read out loud whenever you are reading. Whenever you try to do this while reading you will surely be distracted by what is in your environment.
  • Losing concentration.
  • Cramming: most students do this whenever examination is at the corner, this is a bad reading habit whenever you cram what you read it is easier for you to forget, instead read to understand.
  • Head movement: pin this, whenever you are reading a passage do not move your head by reading the character one by one.
  • Pointing at words: don’t point at words when you are reading, you will surely be distracted and turn the reading into a joke.
  • Vocalization & sub-vocalization.
  • Regression.
  • Wrong eyes movement: fix your attention to the passage to avoid distraction while reading the passage.
  • Small recognition span.

Layers of reading comprehension

Literal: this reading is done at the surface layer.

  • Inferential: this surface is a deep level, the ability to bring our point and ideas from the passage.
  • Critical: the reader at this level is adequately armed with the capability to constructively agree or disagree with the writer’s submission; he juxtaposes his previously acquired knowledge or experience with the fresh information just gathered from the text.
  • Creative: this is the act of coming up with an idea with what you read.

how to answer comprehension questions

Below are the tips for writing a good comprehension:
A. Read the question at the end of the passage to get some information about the passage.
B. Read through the passage fairly rapidly to get a general or broad view of the passage.
C. Re-read the passage fairly and slower than the first reading. While re-reading, try to get the message of each paragraph or thought of the passage. At this point, make some jotting as you read on.
D. This is the third reading, be poised to search for answers to the questions on the passage while reading.
E. Take note of punctuation marks, contextual meaning, heightened expression, figurative and technical use of language.
F. While reading the passage, try to identify the relationship between sentences and sentences structure

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